Согласование времен: упражнения с ответами

Данный урок посвящен тренировке согласования времен в английском языке. Вы можете сразу перейти к интерактивным онлайн упражнениям ↓ , скачать упражнения в PDF или сначала повторить теорию:

Согласование времен происходит в сложных предложениях, то есть состоящих из двух частей — главного предложения и придаточного (зависимого), и тесно связано с косвенной речью. 

Основное правило согласования гласит:

Если главное предложение в настоящем времени, то время в придаточном не меняется. Например: 

  • I know that you study English. — Я знаю, что ты учишь английский.

Если главное предложение в прошедшем времени, то в придаточном происходит смещение времен “на шаг назад”. Например: 

  • I knew that you studied English. — Я знал, что ты учишь английский. 

В таблице приведены правила согласования:

Простое предложение Сложное предложение с согласованием
Present Simple I like pizza. Past Simple He knew (that) she liked pizza.
Present Continuous I’m sleeping. Past Continuous He knew (that) she was sleeping.
Present Perfect I have traveled a lot. Past Perfect He knew (that) she had traveled a lot.
Past Simple I got a job in 2018. Past Perfect He knew (that) she had got a job in 2018.
Past Continuous I was reading all evening. Past Perfect Continuous He knew (that) she had been reading all evening.
Will  I will write to you later. Would  He knew (that) she would write to him later.

При согласовании времен и в косвенной речи указатели времени меняются:

  • Sally: I went swimming yesterday
  • Sally said (that) she had gone swimming the day before.

Упражнение 1. Указатели времени при согласовании времен


Упражнение 2. Предложения с Present Simple

Example:

He lives in London. — Он живет в Лондоне.

I thought (that) he lived in London. — Я думал, что он живет в Лондоне.

Упражнение 3. Предложения с Past Simple

Согласование с Past Simple не обязательно, если есть указание, когда произошло действие.

Example:

She left Moscow on Sunday.

He said that she left / had left Moscow on Sunday.


Упражнение 4. Предложения с Present Continuous

Example:

I‘m having breakfast.

She said she was having breakfast.


Больше уроков по теме:


Упражнение 5. Предложения с Present Perfect

Example:

I’ve been to Morocco twice.

He said he had been to Morocco twice.


Упражнение 6. Предложения с Will

Example:

I will come to Ben’s birthday party.

He said he would come to Ben’s party.


Упражнение 7. Модальные глаголы 

При согласовании модальные глаголы меняются: Can → Could, Must → Must / Had to, Have to → Had to, May → Might

Не меняются: Should, Ought to, Might


Упражнение 8. Предложения на все времена


Ответы:

Упражнение 1. 

  • today — that day
  • yesterday — the day before
  • tomorrow — the next/following day
  • a year ago — a year before
  • next weekend — the following weekend
  • last week — the previous week
  • these days — those days
  • last month — the previous month
  • now — then
  • this evening — that evening

Упражнение 2. 

  1. I knew that she collected stamps.
  2. I knew that they went surfing every day.
  3. I didn’t know he was a doctor.
  4. I thought that they were volunteers.
  5. I heard he worked in a school.

Упражнение 3.

  1. I didn’t know he had written/wrote many books in the past.
  2. She said that she had traveled/traveled around Europe in her 20s.
  3. I heard she bought/had bought a new car.
  4. They said they visited/had visited France in 2015.
  5. Kate said she had seen/saw Tom this morning. 

Упражнение 4.

  1. He said the kids were playing in the yard.
  2. I knew he was taking a day-off.
  3. I saw they were sunbathing.
  4. She said she was living in Greece.
  5. Ken said they were working together.

Упражнение 5.

  1. Mary said she had seen that movie before. 
  2. I knew she had been to England twice.
  3. He said he had passed the exam.
  4. Vicky mentioned that she had never met a celebrity.
  5. They told me that they hadn’t applied/had not applied for University yet.

Упражнение 6.

  1. Harry said that he would write to me.
  2. Mom said that she would call me soon.
  3. Nancy said that they would meet on Red Square.
  4. Lucy said that she would invite all her friends.
  5. Bruce said that he would move to Japan.

Упражнение 7.

  1. Jane said that she could do it for me.
  2. She added she might be late for her class.
  3. He said he had to work hard.
  4. Teacher told me (that) I should read every day.
  5. The doctor said that I had to take a pill every 3 hours.

Упражнение 8.

  1. Danny said he would wait for me at the square.
  2. I didn’t know you had studied/studied Japanese at school.
  3. Hanna said she had read that book before.
  4. I thought that you liked cooking.
  5. I saw that the cat was sleeping on the sofa.


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